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Pizhichil

Here lukewarm medicated oil is applied on the body of the patient lying on the "Dharapathi". Oil dipped pieces of cloth are squeezed by hand and the oils rubbed smoothly over the body of the patient by masseurs on either side. The medicated oil is pressed out of the cloth uniformly over the body at a defined height and massaged by skillful hands. Fresh medicated oil is used every day and the treatment may last fourteen or twenty-eight days.
   This treatment is indicated in stiffness and pain of joints and limbs, dislocation of joints, paralytic conditions and in pregnant ladies with a history of uterine inertia in earlier deliveries. Many persons also undergo this treatment for rejuvenation and preservation of health to offset early aging. Sclerotic changes can be prevented by this treatment.

Njavarakizhi

Navarakizhi is also one of the special forms of treatment widely practiced in Kerala. The body is made to perspire well through massage with puddings in the form of boluses tied up in cloth bags.Specially cooked rice tied up in boluses are warmed in a mixture of Balamoola Kasaya and cow's milk and massaged over the body with adequate pressure and movements as required for the patient.

   The pressure forces out the contents of boluses. The boluses are rewarmed and applied again and again till the Kashaya and contents of the boluses would have been entirely used up.The main indication are all types of diseases of nervous system, chronic rheumatic diseases, pain to the joints, emaciation of limbs and diseases borne of vitiated blood. It also makes the body strong and sturdy with well developed musculature.

    Navarakizhi is also one of the special forms of treatment widely practiced in Kerala. The body is made to perspire well through massage with puddings in the form of boluses tied up in cloth bags. Specially cooked rice tied up in boluses are warmed in a mixture of Balamoola Kasaya and cow's milk and massaged over the body with adequate pressure and movements as required for the patient. The pressure forces out the contents of boluses. The boluses are rewarmed and applied again and again till the Kashaya and contents of the boluses would have been entirely used up.

    The main indication are all types of diseases of nervous system, chronic rheumatic diseases, pain to the joints, emaciation of limbs and diseases borne of vitiated blood. It also makes the body strong and sturdy with well developed musculature.

Dhara

Dhara or Sirassekam is also a special treatment practiced in Kerala. Medicated oil, medicated butter milk , cows milk or human breast milk are allowed to freely flow over the upper part of the fore head continuously for specific periods.The patient will be lying on the Dharapathi and the fluid flows out of a hole in a vessel hung at a prescribed height. The fluid is selected on a diagnosis of the patient's ailment.
    Indications of Thakradhara are premature graying of hair, fatigue, headache, lack of vitality, rheumatic complaints, diabetes, dislocation of joints, anorexia, dyspepsia, diseases of eye, ear, nose and throat. Sthanyadhara is indicated in Hyperpyrexia. Tailadhara is done for sinusitis, headache and paralysis. e.g. Bell's Palsy, Hemiplegia etc.

Misc treatments

Vasthi :

Certain herbal oils, herbal extracts etc. are applied throughout the rectum daily for a period of 5 to 25 days. This treatments is for Arthritis, Paralysis, Hemipllegia, Numbness, Gastric complaints associated with Rheumatism and constant Constipation.

Sirovasthi :

In Sirovasti, medicated oil is made to stand on the patient's head for specific periods. The oil is contained in a close-fitting leather cap, made leak proof with black-gram powder. Constant temperature conditions are maintained throughout.This treatment is indicated for loss of tactile sensation, facial paralysis, sleeplessness, dryness of nostrils and throat, increased intracular pressure, severe chronic headache etc.

Udvarthanam :

This is a typical massage with herbal powders for about 30 minutes daily for a period of 14 to 28 days. This treatment is for the diseases like hemiplegia, paralysis, obesity (excess fat) and certain rheumatic ailments.

Abhyangam :

Special type of oil massage in which strokes are given according to the diseases for 45 minutes per day for 14 days. This treatment is very useful for Obesity, especially for Diabetic gangerene (a condition due to lack of blood circulation in the extremities of the body) etc.

Nasyam :

Herbal juices, medicated oils etc., are applied through nose for 7 to 14 days. This treatment is highly effective for certain kinds of headaches, paralysis, mental disorders, some types of skin diseases etc.

Snehapanam :

Medicated ghee is given internally in a proportionally increased quantity for a period of 8 to 12 days. This treatment is for osteo arthritis, sporaris, leukaemia etc.

Kizhi :

Herbal leaves and herbs or herbal powders are applied to the whole body in boluses with hot medicated oils for 45 minutes per day for a period of 7 to 14 days. This treatment is for Osteoarthiritis Arthritis with swelling, Spondilosis, sports injuries etc.


Dhanyamla Dhara :

      Warm herbal liquid is poured all over the body in a rhythmic way through a special vessel for 45 minutes to 1 hour daily. This treatment is very effective for hemiplegia, paralysis, rheumatic complaints etc.

Yoni Prakshalanam :

     
Herbal oils and decoctions are applied through the vaginal route. This treatment is good for gynaecological disorders. It is also a purification process for genital organs.

Kativasthi :

   
 In this process specially prepared warm medicated oil is kept over the lower back with herbal paste boundary. This treatment lasts for 45 minutes to 1 hour and it is good for any type of back pain and spinal disorders

Urovasthi :

    
 Warm medicated oil is kept over the chest for 45 minutes. This is an effective treatment for asthma, other respiratory problems, heart diseases and muscular chest pain.

Ksheeradhoomam :

    
 This is fomentation with medicated cow milk. This treatment is good for facial paralysis, Bell's palsy, speech disorders and other nervous disorders of the face.

Thalam :

     Special powder mixed with medicated oil applying on the top of the head for 20 to 45 minutes. This treatment is helpful for ENT problems, insomnia, migraine etc